Discipleship Witnesses


**UPDATED 09/18/2018


“And Can It Be That I Should Gain”



6. So it is with him that is born of God. Before that great change is wrought, although he subsists by Him, in whom all that have life “live, and move, and have their being,” yet he is not sensible of God; he does not feel, he has no inward consciousness of His presence. He does not perceive that divine breath of life, without which he cannot subsist a moment: Nor is he sensible of any of the things of God; they make no impression upon his soul. God is continually calling to him from on high, but he heareth not; his ears are shut, so that the “voice of the charmer” is lost to him, “charm he never so wisely,” He seeth not the things of the Spirit of God; the eyes of his understanding being closed, and utter darkness covering his whole soul, surrounding him on every side. It is true he may have some faint dawnings of life, some small beginnings of spiritual motion; but as yet he has no spiritual senses capable of discerning spiritual objects; consequently, he “discerneth not the things of the Spirit of God; he cannot know them, because they are spiritually discerned.”

7. Hence he has scarce any knowledge of the invisible world, as he has scarce any intercourse with it. Not that it is afar off: No: He is in the midst of it; it encompasses him round about. The other world, as we usually term it, is not far from every one of us: It is above, and beneath, and on every side. Only the natural man discerneth it not; partly, because he has no spiritual senses, whereby alone we can discern the things of God; partly, because so thick a veil is interposed as he knows not how to penetrate.

8. But when he is born of God, born of the Spirit, how is the manner of his existence changed! His whole soul is now sensible of God, and he can say, by sure experience, “Thou art about my bed, and about my path;” I feel thee in all my ways: “Thou besettest me behind and before, and layest thy hand upon me.” The Spirit or breath of God is immediately inspired, breathed into the new-born soul; and the same breath which comes from, returns to, God: As it is continually received by faith, so it is continually rendered back by love, by prayer, and praise, and thanksgiving; love and praise, and prayer being the breath of every soul which is truly born of God. And by this new kind of spiritual respiration, spiritual life is not only sustained, but increased day by day, together with spiritual strength, and motion, and sensation; all the senses of the soul being now awake, and capable of discerning spiritual good and evil.

9. “The eyes of his understanding” are now “open,” and he “seeth Him that is invisible.” He sees what is “the exceeding greatness of his power” and of his love toward them that believe. He sees that God is merciful to him a sinner, that he is reconciled through the Son of his love. He clearly perceives both the pardoning love of God, and all his “exceeding great and precious promises.” “God, who commanded the light to shine out of the darkness, hath shined,” and doth shine, “in his heart,” to enlighten him with “the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.” All the darkness is now passed away, and he abides in the light of God’s countenance.

10. His ears are now opened, and the voice of God no longer calls in vain. He hears and obeys the heavenly calling: He knows the voice of his Shepherd. All his spiritual senses being now awakened, he has a clear intercourse with the invisible world; and hence he knows more and more of the things which before it could not “enter into his heart to conceive.” He now knows what the peace of God is; what is joy in the Holy Ghost; what the love of God which is shed abroad in the heart of them that believe in him through Christ Jesus. Thus the veil being removed which before interrupted the light and voice, the knowledge and love of God, he who is born of the Spirit, dwelling in love, “dwelleth in God, and God in him.” (From “The Great Privilege of Those Who Are Born of God”)

**-Edited by Kevin Farrow with corrections by Ryan Danker and George Lyons for the Wesley Center for Applied Theology. Copyright   1999 by the Wesley Center for Applied Theology. Text may be freely used for personal or scholarly purposes or mirrored on other web sites, provided this notice is left intact. Any use of this material for commercial purposes of any kind is strictly forbidden without the express permission of the Wesley Center at Northwest Nazarene University, Nampa, ID 83686. Contact the webmaster for permission.



Link to Notes on Individual OT & NT Books



Adam Clarke

Thomas Coke





**JOHN WESLEY SERMONSCLICK HERE // Click HERE for Audio Collection



1. SACRAMENTS (Baptism):


“What Is a Sacrament” by Michael Pasquarello

“What Is a Sacrament?” by Seedbed

“Jesus & the Means of Grace” by Bob Stamps

“Jesus Our Sacrament” by Bob Stamps

“The Significance of Baptism” by Dean Blevins

“Baptism – Sacrament of Belonging”


“What Is a Sacrament, and How Many Are There?” by Timothy Tennent

“Why Christians Celebrate the Sacraments” by Timothy Tennent


2. GRACE (The Way of Salvation):


“The Order of Salvation” by Charles Gutenson

“What Is Prevenient Grace?” by Charles Gutenson

“What Is Convicting Grace?” by Charles Gutenson

“What Is Justifying Grace?” by Charles Gutenson

“What Is Sanctifying Grace?” by Charles Gutenson


“What Is Prevenient (Preceding) Grace?” by Timothy Tennent

“What Is Justification?” by Timothy Tennent

“What Is Sanctification?” by Timothy Tennent

“What Is Glorification?” by Timothy Tennent




“The Doctrine of Sin” by Matt O’Reilly

“Repent and Believe the Gospel” by Bradley Johnson

“What Repentance Has to Do with Evangelism” by Scott Camp


“The 4-Question Test of Your Life” by J.D. Walt

“What Is Sin, and How Did It Enter the Human Race?” by Timothy Tennent 

“Sex Symbols Who Speak in Tongues?” by Michael Brown

“What You Should Know About the Devil” by Petey Bellini




“Why Does Doctrine Matter?” by William J. Abraham

“The Apostles’ Creed” by Charles Gutenson

“The Nicene Creed” by Charles Gutenson

“The Creed of Constantinople” by Charles Gutenson

“The Creed of Chalcedon” by Charles Gutenson


“Redemptive Catechesis: Rethinking Theological Teaching” by Ben Espinoza

“Instructions for Children” by John Wesley

“A Short Commentary on the Church Catechism” by Charles Wesley

The Catechism of the Methodist Episcopal Church

30 Questions by Timothy Tennent 

“Sound Doctrine Mattered to John Wesley” by Allan Bevere

UMC 25 Articles of Religion

UMC Confession of Faith


5. PRAYERS (Personal/Family Devotions, Scripture, Intercessory Prayer, Fasting):


“Praying to God as Our Father” by Caleb Friedeman

“Scripture & Spiritual Formation” by Bill Mounce

“Can We Trust Bible Translations?” by Bill Mounce


“Embracing Wesleyan Spirituality” by Steve Harper

“John Wesley’s Approach to Christian Formation” by Ben Espinoza

“Prayers for Children, Youth, & the Childlike” by John Wesley

“What is the Means of Grace?” by Timothy Tennent

“The Means of Grace: The Places God Meets Us” by Leah Hartman

“What is the Role of Prayer in the Life of the Christian?” by Timothy Tennent

“Value of Set Prayers” by J.D. Walt

“The Lord’s Prayer: an Adventure in Missing the Point” by J.D. Walt

“7 Reasons to Ban the Lord’s Prayer” by Steven Croft

“The Anatomy of a Prayer: Using the Collect in Worship” by Patrick Bourckel

“4 Keys to a Real Prayer Life” by J.D. Walt

“Rescuing Prayer from Unceasing Ambiguity” by J.D. Walt

“The Everyday Art of Listening” by Heather Celoria

“Families, Pray Together” by National Review

“Singing the Psalms, Part 1” by Patrick Bourckel

“What is the Bible, and Why was it given to the Church?” by Timothy Tennent

“How to Read the Bible Like John Wesley” by Andrew Dragos

“Reading Scripture for Its Intended Purpose” by David Watson

“Do (Wesleyan) Arminians Believe in Inerrancy?” by Vic Reasoner

“How to Rememberize Scripture” by Aaron Buttery

“The Spiritual Discipline of Fasting” by Steve Johnson

“What Happened When We Added Fasting to Our Prayers?” by Robert Webster

“Fasting & Prayer for Awakening” by David Thomas

“Why You Don’t Fast, and Why That’s O.K.” by J.D. Walt


6. PRESENCE (Worship, Small Groups/Christian Conferencing):

a) Corporate Worship (Word & Sacrament/Lord’s Supper):


“The Meaning of Communion” by Robert Stamps


“Why a Growing Crowd Can Be Death to a Church” by J.D. Walt

“Rhythms of Love: Why Saying the Same Thing Over and Over Can Be Good” by Patrick Bourckel

“An Alternate Universe: Living the Church Calendar” by Patrick Bourckel

b) Small Groups (Fellowship, Christian Conferencing, Discipleship):


“Discipleship Meetings in Five Questions” by Matt Friedeman

“Early Methodist Small Groups” by Kevin Watson

“The Genius of Wesleyan Small Groups” by Ryan Danker

“Discipleship Essentials Groups” by Greg Ogden


“Sunday Mornings Aren’t Easy” by Jonathan Powers

“The Value of the Class Meeting for the 21st Century” by Kevin Watson

“5 Things We Require of Every Small Group” by Matt LeRoy

“Disciples Making Disciples: Life-Transforming Small Groups”

“How’s Your Spiritual Life: The Class Meeting for Today”

“5 Paradigm Shifts for Small Group Ministry” by Andrew Mason




“Christian Generosity” by Gary Hoag

“How to Sow Christian Generosity” by Gary Hoag


“Seven Lessons Learned from the Generosity of Jesus” by Gary Hoag

“To the Point: Teaching Children to Tithe” by Dan Pezet



a) Spiritual Gifts: 


“Are the Spiritual Gifts for Today?” by Craig Keener

“Spiritual Gifts Introduction” (from umc.org)

ARTICLES (incl. Online Assessments or Inventories):

Spiritual Gifts Inventory #1

Spiritual Gifts Inventory #2

Spiritual Gifts Inventory #3

b) Serving Within & Through the Church:


“People to Busy to Serve? Teach Them to Steward Their Time” by Ann A. Michel

“Stewarding God’s Gift of Time” by David Gray

“Four Ways to Engage Busy People” by Doug Powe

c) Body as the Temple of the Holy Spirit:


“Physical Health Is Discipleship” by Randy Hardman

“One Sin the Church Can’t Afford to Ignore” by Bill Guerrant

d) Faith & Work: 


“What Is My Calling? (Audio)” by Art Lindsley

“The Gospel & Work” by Greg Forster

“The Gospel & Economic Change” by Greg Forster

“Christianity and the Free Market” by Bob Lupton


“5 Ways Churches Are Not Wasting the Resource of Church Members in the Marketplace” by Kevin Kinghorn

“Entrepreneurship: an Opportunity for Personal, Individual Flourishing” by Tim Hoerr

“A Game of Survival, Not Status: Are Entrepreneurs Rock Stars?” by Chris Chancey


9. WITNESS (Pray, Care, Invite, Share):

a) Basics: 


“Evangelism & Compassion Ministry” by Matt Friedeman

“Matthew & the Great Commission” by Craig Keener

“Evangelism in the 21st Century” by Bob Stamps

“How to Do Personal Evangelism” by Kimberly Dunnam Reisman

“Hospitality in the Early Christian World” by Amy Oden

“Intellectual Evangelism Is Key for the 21st Century” by Arthur Jones

“Faith Lessons from Christian Martyrs” by Jackson Lashier


“A Fish Story” by John Drescher

“Being a Witness” by J.D. Walt

“Why I’m Not a Disciple-Maker & You Aren’t Either” by J.D. Walt

“How to Have Conversations in a Secular Age” by Verlon Fosner

b) Pilgrims in a Strange Land (Faith & Culture):


“Post-Christendom & the Church” by Chris Backert

“The Church and Culture” by Ryan Danker

“The Church and Culture” by Stephen Grabill

“Effective Cultural Engagement” by Gabe Lyons

“Race as a Gospel of Issue” by Lisa Yebuah

“Christianity & Islam in a Post 9/11 World” by Timothy Tennent


“Christian Cultural Engagement: Two Approaches” by Benjamin J. Videtich

“Are We Witnessing the ‘Suicide of Thought’?” by Drew McIntyre

“5 Reasons the Church Should Talk About Abortion” by John Adams

“The Coming of the Age of Gibberish” by Carl R. Truman

“Our Men Without Chests” by The Wardrobe Door

“Academic Freedom & the Liberal Arts” by Robert P. George




“Grow at Home: a Parent’s Responsibility” by Winfield Bevins

“How to Disciple Children for Mission” by Paul Tripp

“How Can Children Be Included in Missional Living” by Paul Tripp


“Can I Ask That?: Embracing a Faith Big Enough for Teenagers’ Doubts” by Kara Powell & Brad Griffin 

“Infant Baptism & Beyond” by Ken Loyer

“Infant Baptism & Beyond: a Systematic Approach, Part II” by Ken Loyer 

“Infant Baptism & Beyond: a Systematic Approach, Part III” by Ken Loyer 

“Infant Baptism & Beyond: a Systematic Approach, Part IV” by Ken Loyer

“Where Children’s Discipleship Begins” by Christina Embree

“How to Disciple Children: When We Sit at Home” by Christina Embree

“How to Disciple Children: When You Walk Along the Road” by Christina Embree

“How to Disciple Children: When We Lie Down and Get Up” by Christina Embree

“On Karissa and Tris and Real Life Role Models” by Kelli Stuart

“Raising Daniels” by Heather Haupt

“4 Ways to Pass Down Your Faith to Future Generations” by Tommy Williams

“4 Ways to Start Them Young: Spiritual Formation Practices with Family” by Matt Lipan”

“A Social Experiment About the Dangers of Social Media (Video)” by Coby Persinger

“7 Keys to Protecting Your Marriage from Infidelity” by Kathy Milans

“Parents, Children and Youth Ministry: Where Formation Happens” by Matt Judkins

“From the Mouths of Babes: Participation of Children in Worship” by Brian Rhea

“Families, Pray Together” by National Review

“Your Child Is Your Neighbor” by Jen Wilkin

“How Living Counter-Culturally Can Lead to Your Kids Resentment Christianity” by Natasha Crain

“Why We Need to Address the ‘Mental Load’ for Moms” by Erin Stewart

“Parents, Require Obedience of Your Children” by John Piper




“The Function & Purpose of the OT Law” by Brent Strawn

“How We Got the NT Canon” by David Watson


“Was Ancient Israel Just Like Its Neighbors? A Singular Israel in a Pluralistic World” by Bill T. Arnold

“Bible Interpretation Methods You Should Avoid” by Craig Keener 



“His Renown” by Passion Band 

“Our God’s Alive” by Andy Cherry

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